This is a critical condition and is often said to be a medical emergency. As indicated in the name, it refers to severe malfunction of the kidneys. Such a condition results in nitrogenous products like creatinine(In urine, creatine is excreted as creatinine) to get retained in the human body. This results in an abnormal creatine count. The abnormal creatine count affects the general metabolism and results in many conditions such as imbalanced body fluid, metabolic acidosis (blood acidification) and malfunctioning of other organs too.
Renal failure is said to start with oliguria, which is the urination in small amounts. The diagnosis is done on the basis of blood tests. Failure of kidney is indicated by a very high concentration of creatinine in the blood. Metabolic acidosis can also indicate failure of kidneys. This can be understood from biochemical tests. Metabolic acidosis is believed to occur due to an improper potassium ion excretion and decrease in hydrogen ion concentration.
Renal problems are classified on the basis of Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). Renal functions are said to come to a failure when decrease in GFR is greater than 75%. In this case, creatinine count becomes greater than 4mg/dl. The urine output becomes well below 0.3ml/kg/hr in 1 day.
The causes of acute renal failure can be classified into pre-renal, intra-renal and post-renal. Pre-renal causes involve a quick drop in the flow of blood into the kidneys. Conditions that may cause this condition include heart failure, immense blood loss, shock etc. The excessive intake of toxins, drugs and their associated infections constitute intra-renal causes. It is named so because damage is done to the internal structures in the kidney. Factors that can result in kidney damage such as functional or mechanical obstruction of urinary tract can be regarded as post-renal factors.
Important tests that are conducted in order to diagnose acute renal failure include blood test, blood urea nitrogen test, serum potassium, serum creatinine, urinalysis, USG abdomen etc.
Although there are no substitutes for dialysis in homoeopathic treatment, the damaged organ can be revived & withdrawal from dialysis can be done at a quicker rate. Homoeopathy also stimulates the immunity system and results in overall health improvement. The medicines prevent any increase in the serum creatinine levels. There is very little damage done to nephrons (kidney cells) compared to the allopathic medicines .The amount of homoeopathic medicines that are rejected by the body is considerably lower. Imbalance in blood sugar and blood pressure is also neutralized. Homoeopathy also provides cure for polycystic kidneys and tumors too. The medication can also be withdrawn after a period of 2-5 years. Homoeopathic medicines can also be used to relieve the symptoms like nausea, fever, bone pains, vomiting, loss of appetite etc.
An important component of homoeopathic treatment is an adequate diet. A balanced diet should be able to provide all the nutrients to enhance the ability of self-repair. Consultation with a dietitian is necessary. The prescribed diet shall contain more of essential amino acids, vitamins, calories etc and lesser amounts of phosphorous, potassium and sodium.
Some of medications that are used for the renal failure management are Cantharis, Apis Mel, Aconite, Merc Cor, Belladona, Rhus Tox, Dulcamara, opium etc.